Komentar dr. Franceta Križaniča: Kakšna je vloga sodobne Socialne demokracije?

Socialna demokracija je v obdobju po drugi svetovni vojni (v skandinavskih državah in v ZDA že med obema vojnama) premislila in vzpostavila delujočo socialno državo, po naftni krizi (1973 in 1979) pa je dodala še aktivno vlogo države pri spodbujanju razvoja. Finančna kriza leta 2008 je pokazala, da trg brez intervencije države ne bi deloval tako, da bi zagotavljal gospodarsko rast ali pa vsaj vzdrževanje dosežene ravni blaginje v razvitih narodnih gospodarstvih.

Okrevanje po tej krizi pa kaže, da bodo potrebne precejšne spremembe v načinu, kako se državna intervencija na trgu izvaja. Za sedaj izgleda kot bi država delovala v korist najbogatejših ljudi in koncentracij kapitala v velikih multinacionalkah. Del tega procesa je tudi izsiljevanje Slovenije kaj vse mora prodati kapitalskim centrom iz tujine.

Če je na globalni ravni jasno, da bodo morale gospodarsko razvite države uvesti univerzalni državljanski dohodek, v mednarodni trgovinski menjavi pa bo potrebno preprečiti davčni, socialni in okoljski dumping, ima Slovenija tudi problem kako preprečiti, da bi naše narodno gospodarstvo zdrknilo na periferijo. Pri tem ima pomembno vlogo zaščita stabilnega lastništva strateških podjetij – naravnih monopolov, komunikacijske, finančne, turistične, transportne in energetske infrastrukture ter multinacionalk, nastalih in razvitih v Sloveniji. Institucija, ki lahko tako stabilno lastništvo zagotovi je demografski rezervni sklad.

Demografski sklad bi bilo po mojem mnenju smiselno oblikovati tako, da bi služil že sedanji generaciji upokojencev, ki so kapital za podjetja vključena v ta sklad tudi akumulirali. Sklad bi moral zajemati kapital v strateških podjetjih obenem pa tudi drugo državno premoženje, s katerim je brez večjih posledic za gospodarski razvoj Slovenije mogoče gospodariti kot s portfolio investicijami.

Za portfolio investicije bi tako veljala prepoved koncentracije lastništva v posameznem vrednostnem papirju ter zahteva po boniteti vrednostnega papirja v lasti demografskega rezervnega sklada (rezultat bo brez dvoma neto izvoz kapitala iz Slovenije – sklad bo premoženje iz tega naslova plasiral po celem svetu). Srednjeročno lahko predpostavljamo, da se ta sredstva ne bodo zmanjšala, dolgoročno pa bodo izpostavljena različnim gospodarskim in političnim turbulencam (inflacija, gospodarska depresija, politične krize večjega obsega, ipd.).

Za strateške investicije naj velja prepoved prodaje in pravilo 50% reinvestiranega neto poslovnega presežka (investicijski potencial bo precej večji, saj vključuje tudi sredstva zbrana iz naslova amortizacije), preostalih 50% poslovnega presežka (po moji oceni gre povprečno za okoli 300 milijonov evrov letno) bi se namenilo za krepitev pokojninske blagajne – na primer za kritje stroškov regresa upokojencev, ipd.

Za vzpostavitev Demografskega rezervnega sklada Republike Slovenije bi se morale tako po mojem mnenju kot strateške državne naložbe vključiti:
– Nova Ljubljanska Banka (NLB) in Abanka (s pridržkom, da ostane lastnina kot rezerva za vračilo verjetno protipravno odvzetega premoženja nekdanjim delničarjem in lastnikom podrejenih obveznic), Slovenska izvozna in razvojna banka (SID),
– Zavarovalnica Triglav, Zavarovalnica Sava, Kapitalska družba (KAD) z Modro zavarovalnico,
– Telekom Slovenije, DARS, Slovenske železnice, Luka Koper, Pošta Slovenije,
– Holding slovenske elektrarne (HSE), GEN-I, ELES, vseh pet podjetij za distribucijo električne energije, Petrol, Geoplin – Plinovodi,
– Krka, Gorenje, Talum,
– HIT in ostale igralnice v državni lasti, hotelska veriga Sava, terme Olimia in smučče Kanin
– ter državno gozdno podjetje SiDG.

dr. France Križanič, ekonomist in nekdanji minister za finance

109 replies
  1. data recovery Warszawa
    data recovery Warszawa says:

    Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What a great web site.

  2. sv388 sabung ayam
    sv388 sabung ayam says:

    I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my web site 🙂

  3. make my invention prototype
    make my invention prototype says:

    Throughout this great design of things you get a B+ just for effort and hard work. Exactly where you actually confused me personally was on the facts. You know, people say, the devil is in the details… And that could not be much more correct in this article. Having said that, let me tell you just what did work. Your authoring is actually very powerful and this is probably why I am taking an effort in order to comment. I do not make it a regular habit of doing that. Second, whilst I can certainly see the leaps in reason you make, I am not necessarily convinced of exactly how you appear to connect your ideas which produce the actual final result. For now I will subscribe to your issue however hope in the future you actually link your dots better.

  4. Cleaning services Dubai
    Cleaning services Dubai says:

    Thanks for another excellent article. Where else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the search for such info.

  5. Web design Trinidad
    Web design Trinidad says:

    Terrific work! This is the kind of info that are supposed to be shared around the internet. Disgrace on the seek engines for not positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my web site . Thanks =)

  6. Prop Snoop
    Prop Snoop says:

    Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  7. cheapest car insurance in trinidad
    cheapest car insurance in trinidad says:

    After study a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think.

  8. fakultet
    fakultet says:

    You really make it seem really easy with your presentation however I in finding this matter to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and very wide for me. I am looking ahead to your subsequent put up, I¦ll attempt to get the cling of it!

  9. click
    click says:

    Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  10. neubodi
    neubodi says:

    Hello, Neat post. There is a problem together with your website in internet explorer, would check thisK IE nonetheless is the market leader and a huge portion of other people will omit your fantastic writing because of this problem.

  11. Veranstaltungen in München
    Veranstaltungen in München says:

    Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this info. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is actually irritating. A good site with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  12. this
    this says:

    I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site :).

  13. 토토사이트
    토토사이트 says:

    Hi , I do believe this is an excellent blog. I stumbled upon it on Yahoo , i will come back once again. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and help other people.

  14. 먹튀검증사이트
    먹튀검증사이트 says:

    Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What an ideal web-site.

  15. 토토사이트
    토토사이트 says:

    Hello there I am so delighted I found your site, I really found you by mistake, while I was searching on Bing for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a marvelous post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great job.

  16. News lesen
    News lesen says:

    I want to show my passion for your kind-heartedness supporting persons who need help with this particular area. Your special dedication to passing the message throughout came to be exceptionally interesting and has specifically made those just like me to reach their targets. Your entire invaluable publication can mean a lot a person like me and far more to my colleagues. Best wishes; from all of us.

  17. Farm producer saffron
    Farm producer saffron says:

    Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  18. Buy Tramadol 100mg Online
    Buy Tramadol 100mg Online says:

    Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  19. grundfos malaysia
    grundfos malaysia says:

    Needed to send you that very small observation to be able to thank you very much once again for those exceptional tips you’ve discussed on this site. It has been incredibly generous with you giving freely what exactly a number of us would’ve marketed for an e book in order to make some profit for their own end, particularly considering that you might have tried it in the event you desired. These basics likewise acted to be a easy way to recognize that many people have the same dreams similar to mine to see more and more on the topic of this problem. I think there are millions of more pleasant times ahead for many who view your blog post.

  20. Valencia
    Valencia says:

    Superb blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any tips? Appreciate it!

  21. Banco popular
    Banco popular says:

    Thanks , I’ve recently been searching for information about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered till now. But, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you sure in regards to the source?

  22. abogados
    abogados says:

    Very interesting subject, thanks for putting up. “Not by age but by capacity is wisdom acquired.” by Titus Maccius Plautus.

  23. The stock market crash today
    The stock market crash today says:

    Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  24. koperasi ukhwah
    koperasi ukhwah says:

    I am curious to find out what blog system you have been working with? I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest website and I’d like to find something more secure. Do you have any recommendations?

  25. autogate system malaysia
    autogate system malaysia says:

    Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What a great website.

  26. website
    website says:

    F*ckin’ amazing things here. I am very glad to see your article. Thank you a lot and i’m having a look forward to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  27. web page
    web page says:

    certainly like your web-site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very troublesome to inform the truth nevertheless I’ll surely come back again.

  28. pinjaman koperasi
    pinjaman koperasi says:

    Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite reason appeared to be at the web the easiest thing to be mindful of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while folks consider issues that they just don’t realize about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the top and outlined out the whole thing with no need side-effects , folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more. Thank you

  29. Situs Joker123
    Situs Joker123 says:

    Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have created some nice practices and we are looking to trade solutions with other folks, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  30. Pedestrian Gates
    Pedestrian Gates says:

    Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog. Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions? Many thanks

  31. Agen Joker123
    Agen Joker123 says:

    I really appreciate this post. I’ve been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thank you again!

  32. Judi Joker123
    Judi Joker123 says:

    Very efficiently written information. It will be valuable to everyone who utilizes it, including me. Keep doing what you are doing – looking forward to more posts.

  33. Home Cleaning Services Dubai
    Home Cleaning Services Dubai says:

    I was very pleased to seek out this internet-site.I wished to thanks for your time for this excellent read!! I definitely enjoying each little little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  34. atacado de roupas
    atacado de roupas says:

    Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely useful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  35. infrared flame detector
    infrared flame detector says:

    Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Excellent. I am also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

  36. Daftar judi Joker123
    Daftar judi Joker123 says:

    I like the helpful info you provide for your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check once more right here regularly. I am slightly certain I’ll be informed a lot of new stuff proper right here! Good luck for the next!

  37. rhino horn powder use
    rhino horn powder use says:

    I haven?¦t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I?¦ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  38. Situs Joker123
    Situs Joker123 says:

    We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  39. web link
    web link says:

    Nice blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  40. Joker123
    Joker123 says:

    We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  41. Daftar Joker123
    Daftar Joker123 says:

    This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it.

  42. Daftar Situs Joker123
    Daftar Situs Joker123 says:

    Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What an ideal web-site.

  43. Daftar Situs Joker123
    Daftar Situs Joker123 says:

    Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task.

  44. Judi Joker123
    Judi Joker123 says:

    Good website! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  45. Agen Joker123
    Agen Joker123 says:

    Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is awesome, great written and include almost all important infos. I’d like to look more posts like this.

  46. huawei repair parts
    huawei repair parts says:

    Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very useful information specifically the closing section 🙂 I deal with such info much. I used to be seeking this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  47. Joker123 Slot
    Joker123 Slot says:

    Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

  48. buy cannabis buds
    buy cannabis buds says:

    When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Appreciate it!

  49. click here now
    click here now says:

    I simply want to mention I am all new to blogs and really liked your website. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You certainly come with fabulous posts. Appreciate it for sharing your web page.

  50. rehab
    rehab says:

    Normally I don’t read post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice post.

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Dodaj odgovor

Vaš e-naslov ne bo objavljen.