Dr. Jernej Pikalo: Razvoja brez znanosti ne bo, kot tudi ne prihodnosti

Minuli teden, v sredo, 18. aprila, je v Ljubljani potekal drugi Shod za znanost, na katerem so raziskovalke in raziskovalci želeli opozoriti na slabšanje razmer v slovenski znanosti. Po lanskem uspešnem shodu so znanstvenice in znanstveniki ponovno opozorili, da se soočajo s problemi, ki jim otežkočajo, včasih pa celo onemogočajo kakovostno in ustvarjalno delo, ki vodi v znanstvena odkritja in inovacije, ki izboljšujejo kvaliteto naših življenj.

Socialni demokrati smo tudi tokratni protest podprli, ker znanost ni zgolj ena izmed mnogih družbenih sfer, ampak ključna sfera za napredek in obstoj slovenske in evropske družbe. V SD vemo, da je vlaganje v znanost, raziskave in razvoj edini način za zdravo gospodarsko rast, znanstvene preboje, ki rešujejo življenja in družbene inovacije, ki prispevajo h kvalitetnemu in kreativnemu življenju skupnosti.

Iz Eurostat podatkov o financiranju znanosti je mogoče razbrati, da so sredstva za znanost (skupaj javna in zasebna) v Sloveniji rasla več kot desetletje do leta 2013, ko so dosegla raven 2,58% BDP. Od takrat so se nižala, leta 2014 so bila 2,37%, leta 2015 2,2% in leta 2016 2%. Za leto 2017 še ni podatka, bo pa bolj vzpodbuden, ker se je nekoliko povečalo financiranje iz javnih sredstev. Pri tem je pomembno vedeti, da je bila skupna rast BDP v letu 2013 negativna (-1,1%), v letu 2015 in 2016 pa pozitivna (+2,3% in +2,6%).

Socialni demokrati v letih 2013 in 2014 ko smo vodili Ministrstvo za izobraževanje, znanost in šport, v zelo zahtevnih javno-finančnih razmerah uspeli iz državnega proračuna nameniti za znanost več denarja kot Stranka modernega centra v letih visoke gospodarske rasti 2015 in 2016. To smo naredili z jasnim zavedanjem, da bomo kot skupnost lahko bolje živeli le, če bomo sredstva davkoplačevalcev vlagali tako v bazične kot v aplikativne raziskave, v tehnološke in teoretske rešitve, v vse znanstvene vede enakomerno.

Znanost mora sodelovati z gospodarstvom pri iskanju najbolj naprednih tehnoloških rešitev, mora pa tudi s svojim delom pomagati razumeti vse ključne družbene procese v hitro spreminjajočih se modernih družbah, vključujoč zgodovinsko, etnično, jezikovno in kulturno komponentno. V prihodnosti bomo bolje živeli le, če bomo sposobni sami inovirati in aplicirati najboljše rešitve ter zaradi tega prodajati izdelke in storitve z višjo dodano vrednostjo. Ključ je v izobraženih, motiviranih in usposobljenih zaposlenih, ki inovirajo ter producirajo izdelke in storitve po katerih je že danes, še bolj pa bo v prihodnosti, povpraševanje, ne pa da bomo imeli zaposlene, ki so neinventivni izvajalci dodelavnih del z nizko dodano vrednostjo za tuje korporacije.

Znanost v Sloveniji poleg povečanja sredstev rabi tudi spremembe v načinu organiziranja, zastavljenih ciljih in kadrovski politiki. V znanost je potrebno pritegniti več mladih perspektivnih raziskovalcev, jim omogočiti stabilno perspektivo za življenje in delo, vse tiste, ki pa so v preteklosti odšli v tujino, pa poskušati privabiti nazaj. Slovenija se je znašla v položaju, ko slovenske univerze in raziskovalni inštituti znajo izobraziti izjemne mlade  znanstvenike, a jim po doktoratu ne uspemo zagotoviti ustreznih pogojev za nadaljevanje znanstvenih karier, zato odhajajo v tujino.

Na evropski ravni je treba zahtevati enako plačilo za enako delo v evropskih projektih, predvsem pa uresničevati ukrepe in smernice iz Raziskovalne in inovacijske strategije Slovenije 2011-2020. V naslednjem mandatnem obdobju bo prioritetna naloga poleg zagotavljanja javnih sredstev za raziskave in razvoj ter spodbujanja vlaganj zasebnih sredstev tudi sprejem novega Zakona o raziskovalni in razvojni dejavnosti, ki v tem mandatu ni bil sprejet. Znanstvena sfera namreč potrebuje nove in drugačne zakonske podlage za svoje delo, da se bo lahko lažje razvijala.

Zato Socialni demokrati poudarjamo, da pravega razvoja v Sloveniji brez znanosti ne bo, kot tudi ne prihodnosti.

dr. Jernej Pikalo, predsednik Sveta SD za izobraževanje, znanost in šport

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